About Turquoise

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Keep reading to discover more about turquoise

  • Mineralogy and geology*
  • Metaphysical, Spiritual and Healing** Properties***
  • Common Associations

Mineralogy and Geology of Turquoise

Mineral formula: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O

Grouping: a member of the Turquoise Group

Crystal system: triclinic

Crystal habit: Crystals are rare; usually found as fine granular material, or globular crusts, veinlets, or in massive form.

Cleavage: perfect on {001}, good on {010}, but note that large crystals are uncommon

Fracture: irregular/uneven, sub-conchoidal

Color: shades of sky to bright blue, green, apple green, green gray

Luster: sub-vitreous, resinous, waxy, dull, earthy

Diaphaneity: translucent, transparent or opaque

Moh’s scale hardness: 5 – 6

Streak: pale greenish-blue to white

Specific gravity: 2.6 – 2.8

Named after: French turques or turquois"meaning "Turkish," after the source of the original material found on the south slopes of the Al-Mirsah-Kuh Mountains (Iran), but which found its way to Europe via Turkey. The name was known at least as early as the 17th century C.E.

Geological occurrence: A secondary mineral in potassic alteration zones of porphyry copper deposits. It also occurs as vein fillings in volcanic rocks and phosphate-rich sediments..


Spiritual, Metaphysical and Healing Properties

Turquoise is one of the most energetically powerful minerals, as it gently strengthens, aligns and elevates all chakras, meridians and subtle bodies. It particularly enhances loving communication in the areas of creativity, emotional issues, and intuition. Turquoise has been used for cleansing and healing and for providing protection. It is held to provide strength and protection during vision quests and other spiritual journeys. Turquoise is a healer of the spirit, bringing peace of mind and guideness through the unknown.

Common Associations

  • Chakra – strengthens all chakras; also associated with the throat energy center; greenish varieties also associated with the heart energy center
  • Numerology - vibrates to the number 1
  • Zodiac – Sagittarius, Pisces and Scorpio
  • Birthstone – December
  • Wedding Anniversary – 11th


* Mineralogical information is from mindat.org

** Always consult with your medical professional for any physical or long-term healing issues.

*** Metaphysical properties come from: 

Love Is in the Earth (1995) Melody, Earth-Love Publishing House, 726 pp.

The Crystal Bible, A Definitive Guide to Crystals (2003) Judy Hall, Walking Stick Press, 399 pp.

Crystal Muse (2017) Heather Askinosie and Timmi Jandro, Hay House, 285 pp.

Crystal Gridwork (2018) Kiera Fogg, Weiser Books, 128 pp.