About Topaz

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Keep reading to discover more about topaz

  • Mineralogy and geology*
  • Metaphysical, Spiritual and Healing** Properties***
  • Common Associations

Mineralogy and Geology of Topaz

Mineral formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2

Crystal system: orthorhombic

Crystal habit: Long to short prismatic crystals.

Cleavage: perfect on {001}

Fracture: irregular/uneven

Color: colorless, white, pale blue, light green, yellow, yellowish brown. Natural blue topaz is extremely rare and is usually pale blue. Almost all of the blue topaz offered in stores today is colorless topaz that has been irradiated and then heated to produce a blue color. "Swiss blue" and "London blue" are trade names for two of the most common varieties of treated blue topaz seen in today's market. Imperial topaz is yellow, pink (rare, if natural) or pink-orange. 

Luster: vitreous

Diaphaneity: transparent, translucent

Moh’s scale hardness: 8

Streak: white

Specific gravity: 3.4 – 3.6

Named after:  Topasos Island in the Red Sea. In antiquity, the name was probably used for the gemstone that is now known as peridot.. 

Geological occurrence: a primary, rock-forming mineral in igneous rocks, pegmatites, and rhyolites; also occurs in hydrothermal veins, metamorphic rocks, and greisens.


Spiritual, Metaphysical and Healing Properties

Topaz is known as a “stone of true love and success in all endeavors,” promoting individuality and creativity with confidence. It is a stone of attraction and manifestation, and can be worked with for this purpose. It is also known as a “crystal of potency,” assisting with visualization in meditation. It is particularly effective when paired with amethyst.

Blue topaz assists with verbalization and other throat chakra matters.

Imperial (golden) topaz assists with activating the first three chakras and the crown chakra. It can be used to enhance relaxation, lightness of spirit and feelings of peace.

Common Associations

  • Chakra – yellow topaz relates to the solar plexus energy center; blue topaz relates to the throat and third eye chakras.
  • Numerology – blue topaz vibrates to the number 3; golden topaz vibrates to the number 9; other topaz vitrates to the number 6.
  • Zodiac – Sagittarius
  • Birthstone – Imperial (golden yellow) topaz is the birthstone for November. Blue topaz is a birthstone for December.
  • Wedding Anniversary – Imperial topaz is traditional for the 23rd; blue topaz is traditional for the 4th


* Mineralogical information is from mindat.org

** Always consult with your medical professional for any physical or long-term healing issues.

*** Metaphysical properties come from: 

Love Is in the Earth (1995) Melody, Earth-Love Publishing House, 726 pp.

The Crystal Bible, A Definitive Guide to Crystals (2003) Judy Hall, Walking Stick Press, 399 pp.

Crystal Muse (2017) Heather Askinosie and Timmi Jandro, Hay House, 285 pp.

Crystal Gridwork (2018) Kiera Fogg, Weiser Books, 128 pp.